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Meaning & Definition of Temper in English

English

Temper

/tɛmpər/

noun

1. A sudden outburst of anger

  • "His temper sparked like damp firewood"
    synonym:
  • pique
  • ,
  • temper
  • ,
  • irritation

2. A characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling

  • "Whether he praised or cursed me depended on his temper at the time"
  • "He was in a bad humor"
    synonym:
  • temper
  • ,
  • mood
  • ,
  • humor
  • ,
  • humour

3. A disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger

  • "His temper was well known to all his employees"
    synonym:
  • temper
  • ,
  • biliousness
  • ,
  • irritability
  • ,
  • peevishness
  • ,
  • pettishness
  • ,
  • snappishness
  • ,
  • surliness

4. The elasticity and hardness of a metal object

  • Its ability to absorb considerable energy before cracking
    synonym:
  • temper
  • ,
  • toughness

verb

1. Bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and cooling

  • "Temper glass"
    synonym:
  • anneal
  • ,
  • temper
  • ,
  • normalize

2. Harden by reheating and cooling in oil

  • "Temper steel"
    synonym:
  • temper
  • ,
  • harden

3. Adjust the pitch (of pianos)

    synonym:
  • temper

4. Make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else

  • Moderate
  • "She tempered her criticism"
    synonym:
  • temper
  • ,
  • season
  • ,
  • mollify

5. Restrain

    synonym:
  • chasten
  • ,
  • moderate
  • ,
  • temper

Examples of using

Tom has a very quick temper.
Tom was in a temper.
Mary is a pretty girl, but has a bad temper.