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Meaning & Definition of Sum in English

English

Sum

/səm/

noun

1. A quantity of money

  • "He borrowed a large sum"
  • "The amount he had in cash was insufficient"
    synonym:
  • sum
  • ,
  • sum of money
  • ,
  • amount
  • ,
  • amount of money

2. A quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers

    synonym:
  • sum
  • ,
  • amount
  • ,
  • total

3. The final aggregate

  • "The sum of all our troubles did not equal the misery they suffered"
    synonym:
  • sum
  • ,
  • summation
  • ,
  • sum total

4. The choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience

  • "The gist of the prosecutor's argument"
  • "The heart and soul of the republican party"
  • "The nub of the story"
    synonym:
  • kernel
  • ,
  • substance
  • ,
  • core
  • ,
  • center
  • ,
  • centre
  • ,
  • essence
  • ,
  • gist
  • ,
  • heart
  • ,
  • heart and soul
  • ,
  • inwardness
  • ,
  • marrow
  • ,
  • meat
  • ,
  • nub
  • ,
  • pith
  • ,
  • sum
  • ,
  • nitty-gritty

5. The whole amount

    synonym:
  • sum
  • ,
  • total
  • ,
  • totality
  • ,
  • aggregate

6. A set containing all and only the members of two or more given sets

  • "Let c be the union of the sets a and b"
    synonym:
  • union
  • ,
  • sum
  • ,
  • join

verb

1. Be a summary of

  • "The abstract summarizes the main ideas in the paper"
    synonym:
  • summarize
  • ,
  • summarise
  • ,
  • sum
  • ,
  • sum up

2. Determine the sum of

  • "Add all the people in this town to those of the neighboring town"
    synonym:
  • total
  • ,
  • tot
  • ,
  • tot up
  • ,
  • sum
  • ,
  • sum up
  • ,
  • summate
  • ,
  • tote up
  • ,
  • add
  • ,
  • add together
  • ,
  • tally
  • ,
  • add up

Examples of using

How large а sum did they raise?
The square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.
Tom paid for it in a lump sum.