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Meaning & Definition of Assume in English

English

Assume

/əsum/

verb

1. Take to be the case or to be true

  • Accept without verification or proof
  • "I assume his train was late"
    synonym:
  • assume
  • ,
  • presume
  • ,
  • take for granted

2. Take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities

  • "When will the new president assume office?"
    synonym:
  • assume
  • ,
  • adopt
  • ,
  • take on
  • ,
  • take over

3. Take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect

  • "His voice took on a sad tone"
  • "The story took a new turn"
  • "He adopted an air of superiority"
  • "She assumed strange manners"
  • "The gods assume human or animal form in these fables"
    synonym:
  • assume
  • ,
  • acquire
  • ,
  • adopt
  • ,
  • take on
  • ,
  • take

4. Take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person

  • "I'll accept the charges"
  • "She agreed to bear the responsibility"
    synonym:
  • bear
  • ,
  • take over
  • ,
  • accept
  • ,
  • assume

5. Occupy or take on

  • "He assumes the lotus position"
  • "She took her seat on the stage"
  • "We took our seats in the orchestra"
  • "She took up her position behind the tree"
  • "Strike a pose"
    synonym:
  • assume
  • ,
  • take
  • ,
  • strike
  • ,
  • take up

6. Seize and take control without authority and possibly with force

  • Take as one's right or possession
  • "He assumed to himself the right to fill all positions in the town"
  • "He usurped my rights"
  • "She seized control of the throne after her husband died"
    synonym:
  • assume
  • ,
  • usurp
  • ,
  • seize
  • ,
  • take over
  • ,
  • arrogate

7. Make a pretence of

  • "She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger"
  • "He feigned sleep"
    synonym:
  • simulate
  • ,
  • assume
  • ,
  • sham
  • ,
  • feign

8. Take up someone's soul into heaven

  • "This is the day when may was assumed into heaven"
    synonym:
  • assume

9. Put clothing on one's body

  • "What should i wear today?"
  • "He put on his best suit for the wedding"
  • "The princess donned a long blue dress"
  • "The queen assumed the stately robes"
  • "He got into his jeans"
    synonym:
  • wear
  • ,
  • put on
  • ,
  • get into
  • ,
  • don
  • ,
  • assume

Examples of using

You should assume that email messages aren't private.
In most cases, people, even the most vicious, are much more naive and simple-minded than we assume them to be. And this is true of ourselves too.
Today cars are so popular that we assume everyone has one.